Different leathers – Did you know…

Leather types 

Nubuck / Oily nubck – This leather is an aniline dyed leather which has been lightly abraded on the grain surface to create a velvety finish or nap. The nap is very fine because of the tight fibre structure in the grain layer. Nubuck can also be made with an oily top to give a ‘distressed’ or worn look used mainly on casual boots and shoes. The oil gives a temporary waterproofing effect until it wears off or dries out.

Pull up (also known as  – waxy or oily pull-up) This leather has had a surface finsh of a dark wax, when the leather is creased or moved the top colour lightens to give a ‘worn’ or used look.
Split suede – This is the underside of the skin , split away from the top grain, dyed and fine buffed. Suede split can be made into many different effects, from oily worn look to imitation snake or croc or simply a soft fine nap. On occasion it can be the full substance skin, buffed on the flesh side, this is usually only on calf skins as the flesh side of older animals is too coarse.

Leather terms 
Sides – Generally half a whole hide is a cow hide, cut down the back bone
Bellies – Taken from  vegetable tanned, the flank. This article is smaller & narrower in cutting area, it gives the user a classic veg leather at an economic price.

Butts – Is  part of the hide, it is usually vegatable tanned, and below the shoulders. Generally the leather is thicker, less marked and longer & wider in size, suitable for cutting items such as belts.
Bend – This term used for sole leather which denotes a half butt, vegetable tanned and rolled flat and hard for use in soles and heels.

Shoulders – Generally these are used in both heavy vegetable form for insoles heels etc or in lighter weights for leather goods, we offer dyed through shoulders from 1.6 to 3.0mm suitable for all leather goods applications.
Different finishing effects 
This type of  leather is dyed exclusively with soluble dyes. Only the skin is dyed, the surface is not coated with a pigment, a dye coat top is sometimes applied to give a more even colour. It’s lack of cover means it is the most attractive, supple and expensive leather, it also the leather which needs the most care.

This finish is more durable than aniline it still retains a natural appearance and the light pigment top coat gives a more consistent colour.